The Ultimate Guide to Cleaning Your Mattress: Easy Steps for a Fresh and Healthy Sleep

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Did you know that the average mattress can harbor up to 10 million dust mites and can gain weight over a period of 10 years due to the accumulation of dust, dead skin cells, and dust mite debris? That’s a startling fact that many of us are blissfully unaware of as we nestle into our beds each night.

Often overlooked, mattress cleanliness can significantly influence your physical health and sleep comfort. Yet, many of us face challenges in mattress cleaning, uncertain about where to start or what methods to use.

In this guide, we’re going to simplify mattress cleaning for you. From identifying when it’s time to clean to providing a step-by-step process, we cover everything you need to know to keep your mattress fresh and free from the unseen buildup of allergens and irritants. Ready to transform your mattress cleaning routine? Let’s get started.

What You'll Need

  • Vacuum with upholstery attachment
  • Mild Detergent
  • Baking Soda
  • Clean Cloths


  • Enzyme Cleaner
  • White Vinegar or Lemon Juice
  • Essential Oils
Gloves, sponges, soap dispensers and baking soda gathered to demonstrate mattress maintenance and cleaning

Step-by-Step Mattress Cleaning Process

While cleaning your mattress might seem daunting, breaking it down into manageable steps makes the process easy and effective. Here’s a detailed guide to help you refresh your mattress, ensuring it contributes positively to your sleep health.

Strip & Wash Bedding

Remove all bedding, including sheets, pillowcases, and mattress covers, and wash them as per their care instructions. This is crucial as it prevents any dirt from the bedding from getting back onto the mattress. Related: How Often Should You Wash Your BedSheets?

Vacuum The Mattress Thoroughly

For this step, you’ll want a vacuum cleaner fitted with an upholstery attachment. Begin vacuuming the mattress surface thoroughly. Remember to vacuum often-overlooked areas like seams, crevices, and sides. These areas are hotspots for dust and small particles to accumulate. 

Spot Clean Stains

Prepare a solution of mild detergent and cold water. It’s important to use cold water as hot water can set certain types of stains, making them permanent. Apply this solution directly onto any stains using a clean cloth. The key here is to dab gently rather than rub; you want to lift the stain, not push it further into the mattress fabric. 

For more stubborn stains, such as those from bodily fluids like sweat, blood, or urine, an enzyme-based cleaner is your best bet. These cleaners are designed to break down organic stains, making them easier to remove.


After spot cleaning, generously sprinkle baking soda over the entire surface of the mattress. Baking soda works wonders in neutralizing odors and absorbing moisture. For stubborn odors, let the baking soda sit for several hours or, ideally, overnight. The longer it sits, the more odors it will absorb. Once the time has elapsed, vacuum the mattress again to remove the baking soda, leaving you with a fresher mattress.

Dry Thoroughly

It’s imperative to let your mattress dry completely after cleaning. Any residual moisture can be a breeding ground for mold and mildew. If possible, place your mattress in a sunny, well-ventilated area. Sunlight not only aids in drying but also acts as a natural disinfectant. If taking the mattress outside isn’t feasible, use a fan to promote air circulation and speed up the drying process.

Following these steps will ensure your mattress not only looks clean but is hygienically fresh, promoting a healthier sleeping environment. Regular upkeep is essential to extending the life and enhancing the comfort of your mattress.

A close up shot of the Nectar Premier Hybrid mattress cover

Maintaining a Clean Mattress

After thoroughly cleaning your mattress, the next essential step is maintaining its cleanliness and freshness over time. This not only enhances your sleeping experience but also extends the life of your mattress. Let’s delve into some effective strategies for keeping your mattress in top condition after cleaning.

Extending Freshness

  • Use a Mattress Protector: A high-quality mattress protector is a must. It acts as a barrier against dust, spills, and body oils, significantly reducing the frequency of deep cleaning. Choose a breathable, waterproof protector for the best results.
  • Regular Airing: Let your mattress breathe. Periodically, strip your bed and let the mattress air out for a few hours. If possible, expose it to natural sunlight, which has natural disinfecting properties. This helps to eliminate any lingering odors and prevent moisture buildup, which can lead to mold and mildew.
  • Spot Clean Promptly: In the event of spills, remove mattress stains immediately. Quick spot cleaning can prevent stains from setting in and keep the mattress in good condition. While rare, some mattresses, like Puffy, feature a machine-washable cover. If you have a mattress with a washable cover, throw that in the wash now, too.

Routine Care Recommendations

  • Vacuum Regularly: Incorporate vacuuming your mattress into your regular cleaning routine. Doing this once a month will help remove dust and allergens, keeping the mattress fresh.
  • Rotate and Flip: If your mattress type allows, rotate and flip it every 3-6 months. This prevents uneven wear and extends its life.
  • Control the Environment: Keep the bedroom environment conducive to preserving your mattress. Maintain a moderate temperature and humidity level to prevent the growth of mold and bacteria.
  • Refresh with Baking Soda: Occasionally, sprinkle baking soda on the mattress, leave it for a few hours, and then vacuum it off. This simple practice helps absorb any odors and keep the mattress fresh.

By implementing these post-cleaning care tips, you ensure that your mattress remains a hygienic and comfortable place for you to rest every night. Regular mattress maintenance not only keeps the bed clean but also contributes to a healthier sleeping environment.

Man laying on his back on the puffy mattress


Regular mattress cleaning extends far beyond aesthetics. It’s about creating and maintaining a healthy sleep environment. Dust mites, allergens, and bacteria can accumulate over time, impacting sleep quality and overall health. By incorporating these cleaning practices into your routine, you’re taking a significant step towards healthier living and better sleeping.

If you’re looking for more tips on enhancing your sleep quality, check out our sleep guides. Whether it’s finding the perfect mattress, understanding sleep cycles, or discovering new relaxation techniques, we’re here to guide you on your journey to the best sleep ever. So, dive in, explore, and make every night a good night’s sleep!


It’s recommended that you thoroughly clean your mattress every six months. However, for optimal hygiene, consider spot-cleaning any stains as soon as they occur and vacuuming the mattress monthly.

Most mattresses can be cleaned using standard methods like vacuuming, spot cleaning, and deodorizing with baking soda. However, specific care instructions can vary depending on the mattress type, such as memory foam, innerspring, or latex. Always check the manufacturer’s guidelines for your specific mattress.

While some household products, such as baking soda and mild detergent, are safe for mattress cleaning, harsh chemicals can damage the mattress material and potentially cause health issues. Natural and gentle cleaning solutions are usually the safest options.

While flipping or rotating your mattress won’t directly clean it, these practices can help prevent uneven wear and extend the mattress’s life. This means less debris accumulated in any one area. Check your mattress type to see if it’s designed to be flipped or if rotation is sufficient.